Objetivos:

Climatic scenario predicted for Mediterranean areas poses specific challenges for
agricultural productions. The vulnerability of agricultural sectors to the modification of
agro-climatic conditions depends on both the expected regional climate change and the
sectors’ ability to adapt. For their perennial status, fruit tree crops are particularly exposed
to environmental change. The quality and quantity of fruit productions are strongly affected
by Genotype x Environment interactions. The overarching goal of MEDPOME-STONE is
to explore wild pear and almond biodiversity and to select genotypes with enhanced
resilience to climate change to promote long-term breeding and more sustainable
production in new biodiversity-based crop systems.
The project proposes to obtain the most detailed characterization of some wild pear and
almond genetic diversity in the Mediterranean area, identifying variants associated with
desired rootstocks traits to climate change resilience. By involving local farmers and
stakeholders through a multi-actor approach, MEDPOME-STONE will valorize local
knowledge and maximize the socioeconomic impact of its outcomes. To achieve the
overarching goal, the MEDPOME-STONE consortium will work on three different
scientific objectives: a) to valorize genetic diversity on local collections from Turkey, Italy,
and Spain to reduce genetic erosion in wild pear and almond; b) the selection of plants
adapted to increased drought conditions; c) the identification of molecular markers linked
to drought tolerance. These three objectives will lead to (i) a more precise knowledge on
the genetic diversity within accessions in the Mediterranean region; (ii) a more sustainable
production promoting new biodiversity-based crop systems; (iii) novel breeding tools for
marker-assisted selection (MAS) of varieties showing characteristics of improved
adaptation to drought.
A major strength of MEDPOME-STONE is the availability of large germplasm collections,
some in multiple locations, covering a range of Mediterranean cultivation environments.
The project partnership includes geneticists, breeders, and physiologists, that possess
complementary expertise and will share knowledge, and define priority areas for research
and breeding activities through the engagement of stakeholders and end-users.

Inicio del proyecto:
2022-05-15

Fin de proyecto:
2025-05-14

Departamento:
Departamento de Ciencia Vegetal, Hortofruticultura

Ámbito:
Internacional

Miembros del proyecto:
El Yaacoubi, Adnane (Participante); Kodad, Ossama (Participante); Distefano, Gaetano (Participante); Rubio Cabetas, María José (Coordinador del proyecto total, red o consorcio)

Presupuesto:
201250,00 €

Socios y financiadores:
PRIMA Foundation (Financiador); PRIMA Section 2 Call 2021 - Multi-topic (Programa financiador competitivo); PRIMA: Research and Innovation solutions in the Mediterranean region (Programa financiador no competitivo); Erciyes University (Promotor); University of Catania (Participante); Centro De Investigación Y Tecnología Agroalimentaria De Aragón. Centro de Investigación y Tecnología Agroalimentaria de Aragón (Participante); National School of Agriculture of Meknès (Participante); University Sultan Moulay Slimane (Participante)